Agricultural Services


RCI has been actively involved with production agriculture for over 30 years in several western states including Montana, Nevada, Idaho, and California. Our team of experienced professionals is skilled in a wide array of agricultural practices, while being sensitive to environmental restrictions/constraints and new opportunities to diversify operations and enhance production, while using economically sound approaches. Our services include the following practices and areas of
concern for both public and private land operations:


Water demands and shortages call for improved methods of planning for the most efficient and effective means of applying water to meet conservation needs and production goals:

  • Sprinkler / Ditch systems and distribution
  • Land leveling
  • Water control structures
  • Irrigation water management
  • Alternative methods

Plant Materials

Scientists have made great strides in developing a wide array of adaptive plants to address production needs for conservation, erosion control, agriculture production, and energy including:

  • Site-specific pasture and hayland plantings based on site capabilities.
  • Specialized plant materials for problem soils and water limitations.
  • Energy producing cellulose plant materials.

Farm and Ranch Planning

To remain competitive in today’s agricultural marketplace requires vertical optimization to achieve objectives for production on the same base property. Quality assessments premised on current knowledge, experience, and balanced alternatives lead to success:

  • Irrigated and dryland farm and ranch planning
  • Small acreage pastures for a small numbers of animals

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO)

Nevada Department of Corrections, Dairy / Feeding Operation

The Nevada Department of Corrections operates a 500-acre ranch, small dairy, and 500-head wild horse holding facility at their Stewart Facility in Carson City, Nevada. The ranch irrigates with treated effluent supplied by Carson City and qualifies as a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO), due to the number of horses in the 40-acre Wild Horse Holding Facility. RCI has assisted the Ranch since 1997 with permit applications, as the facility has expanded, for groundwater quality and nutrient management, as well as compliance issues, quarterly monitoring, and reporting. Environmental permits obtained for the facility include a Zero-Discharge Permit for spray and flood irrigation with treated effluent, including an effluent management plan identifying hydraulic loading, nutrient loading, and Best Management Practices (BMPs) for the irrigated areas. RCI has also helped the facility to obtain a state CAFO permit and has applied for a federal NPDES permit in accordance with amendments to the Code of Federal Regulations. Reporting requires a field-by-field evaluation of nutrient loading on an annual basis, which is prepared by RCI. Engineering design has also been provided for groundwater monitoring wells and a lined retention basin (capturing the 25-year, 24-hour design storm).


All natural resource planning should be premised on sound soils assessments and interpretations to help minimize failures and assure that proposed farming or seeding practices can succeed:

  • Soil inventories
  • Soil interpretations

Fuels Management

Ranching operations are often remote and susceptible to the growing occurrence of wildfires that could threaten grazing resources, crops, structures, and human safety. Proper planning for wildfire threats can help avoid the tragic impacts of the catastrophic wildfires of today:

  • Risk / hazard assessments
  • Ranch fuels management plans